FIRST BIRTH AT BUFFALO
The Ezekiel Lane whose birth date was in 1786 cannot have been the man
of that name who accompanied Martin Middaugh from Lewiston to Buffalo,
there to settle, for all records show that that Ezekiel Lane was the
FIRST BUFFALO LANDOWNER
"...in 1786, when there was only one other house besides his
father's, and that belonged to a Negro, who kept a little shop to trade
with the Seneca Indians." more>>
Hodges Alias"Black Joe" Buffalo's First Settler?
Hodges Tavern was (arguably) the first of tens of thousands of taverns,
bars, and saloons to be built in Buffalo Hodges was quite possibly the
first permanent non-Indian settler in what is now Buffalo around 1789.
"We at length arrived at the post on Lake Erie, which is a small
collection of four or five houses, built about a quarter of a mile from
the lake." more>>
"...Ten thousand dollars, which was the sum Morris paid to the
Indians for relinquishment of title, could buy much liquor; and the
Indians had hitherto had little use for money for aught else."More>>
"...There was a two-storied hewed log house, owned by Capt.
Johnston, about where Exchange Street now is, from six to eight rods
west of Main Street, where a tavern was kept by John Palmer. This was
the first tavern in Buffalo." More>>
IN 1799 -Settlement Spreads
"...We set out towards the Falls. About another mile brought
us to the head of the rapid, and a short way further we came to a mill
Mr. Birch has lately built; it appears to me a very elegant piece of
workmanship, and is to be both a grist and saw mill."
HOLLAND LAND PURCHASE, 1792 Buffalo, NY
"... Brothers: As you are once more assembled in council for
the purpose of doing honor to yourselves and justice to your country,
we, your brothers, the sachems, chiefs, and warriors of the Seneca Nation,
request you to open your ears and give attention to our voice and wishes."
and the PHELPS GORHAM PURCHASE
"When the bargain was concluded Phelps asked for a present of
a lot west of the Genesee upon which he could place a mill to grind
corn for the Indians comprising some 200,000 acres. When the Indians
learned that an acre would have been sufficient for mill purposes their
amazement was indescribable." More>>
SETTLEMENT AND BLACK JOE -BUFFALO, N.Y
"...Almost as soon as the earliest white man-possibly preceding
him-the irrepressible African made his advent in our country; for in
1792 we find 'Black Joe,' alias Joseph Hodge, established as an Indian
trader on Cattaraugus Creek, and from the way in which he is mentioned,
we infer that he had already been there a considerable time." More>>
Burning of Buffalo
"...Mother was standing in the door and Mr. Seth Grosvenor came along
with a white flag on a walking-stick. He said if he could only gather
citizens enough to assist him, he could drive the enemy back; as he
had sent the contents of that gun among them with the effect of mowing
Location of Anomie
by Dr. E.H. Powell. The Location of Anomie: a culture case study of
urbanization: Buffalo, NY, 1810-1910. Powell asserts: "The city embodies
the profound contradictions of our time...More>>
-THE CASE OF BENJ. RATHBUN THE STORY OF A FAMOUS BUILDER OF BUFFALO
is generally known in Buffalo that my business transactions have been
of an immense amount and various in their character. Extensively engaged
in the building business in all its various branches, the improving
of real estate, merchandising on a corresponding scale, dealing in lands,
manufacturing railroad cars ...foil extent, having no opportunity of
getting at the facts.
... Continued here
CANADIAN REBELLION OF 1837
"one American woman was casting bullets in her own home "from
a mould that ran sixty at a time." Forty soldiers were reported
to be marching the streets of Rochester with drum and fife; and "seven-eighths
of the people at Buffalo" were for the Patriots."
BURNING OF THE CAROLINE -1837
On December 29th an event occurred which almost involved the United
States in war with Britain. Traffic was increasing between Navy Island
and the American shore
CHOLERA EPIDEMIC of 1832
" ...The death carts would patrol the streets, and when there
would seem an indication of a death in a house, the driver would shout:
'Bring out your dead!" more>>
ABOLITION. . . IN 1843: FREDERICK DOUGLASS SPEAKS IN BUFFALO'S FRONT
PARK EXCERPTS FROM THE JOURNAL OF GEORGE
By Elwin H. Powell -2001
"... through Jonson we re-experience subjective world of an abolitionist
in a daily struggle to dismantle the institution of slavery.
In l843 GWJ lives and boards at the home of Douglas Williams in a small
frame house at the southeast corner of Church and Franklin Street but
later in the year moves to the American Hotel at Main and Pearl Street.
He maintains a law office on...
for a Penny Dead Drunk for Two
...Even our fledgling democracy was corrupted by Alcohol. The
very sanctity of the right to vote was violated by drink. When election
time came around, votes were often bought with liquor.
By Dr. Elwin H. Powell. Nichols printed what others only whispered...
Everyone knew a clique of leading businessmen had conspired to defraud
Benjamin Rathbun. Like his contemporary P.T. Barnum, Nichols was jailed
for liable. "June 18, 1839: It was about twelve o'clock, when an officer
of the court escorted me from the court to the jail..." more
at High Noon
One thing that has not changed much over the years is drinking and violence.
"Aside from games of One O'Cat, people just got drunk at the bar inside."
EXECUTION OF JOHN GAFFNEY AT BUFFALO, NY 1873
After a long meal and a sleepless night, Gaffney had a breakfast of
poached eggs, toast and coffee. His wife and the children came to visit,
with other relatives and bartender Sweeney. And then it.... More>>
TICKET SCALPERS ARRESTED
In the late 1800s many Vaudevillian type variety shows appeared
in and around the Eastern seaboard. One of the major stops was Buffalo,
NY, a rising industrial metropolis.... More>>
STREET IN '57 
Cronk saw the original Kitty O'Neil, a beautiful young girl with
a lithe body, dance on a 12-inch pedestal an acrobatic routine
for 1 hour and 20 minutes, in the nude. .... More>>
On Oct. 13, 1894, the Buffalo Express sent a reporter to get
an account from a Great Lakes captain of his schooner's battle with
a storm. The reporter got much more than that; he got an account of
the Canal District ...More>>
NY the Birthplace of Air-Conditioning
Who would have thought that 100 years ago this week, air conditioning
as it is known today was invented in Buffalo,NY. After graduating from
Cornell University, Willis Haviland Carrier a native of Angola, NY found
a job at the Buffalo Forge Company in Buffalo, NY.
and Negroes:Black Faces at the Pan American Exposition of 1901, Buffalo,
Originally compiled and organized for the Paris Exhibition of 1900,
the Negro Exhibit and its history make an intriguing story. W.E.B.
DuBois, one of the...
"...Memminger did not know what to make of the proceeding. He
felt he was being given more than was his due, but he did not have the
presence of mind to remonstrate, until with one fell swoop the three
men had wiped every decanter and glass off the side-board, and on to
the floor..." more>>
- The Rise of "FINGY" CONNERS
Democratic State Boss of New York, who "looks like a prize-fighter
and talks like a tough" -Dock scrapper, freight contractor, millionaire.
The record of how he split the scalp of a Pole laborer, and jumped from
cowhide boots through brogans to spats -Bruised but victorious. WILLIAM
J. CONNERS ...more>>
War in Buffalo, 1910-1920
institutions have their ultimate foundation in consensus, a shared commitment
to a conceptual scheme or value system.'
The Catholic press was strongly anti-Socialist but mildly, and occasionally
vigorously, pro-labor. Little remains of the Socialist press. The Arbeiter-Zeitung
had a long history in the community and early connections with the
De Leonite Socialist Labor party.
J. Donovan (a.k.a. "Wild Bill") Takes on Buffalo and Loses
one of the more notable events in Buffalo History were when then District
Attorney William J. Donovan executed a couple of raids in Buffalo on
prominent Buffalonians during Prohibition. Both of these events backfired
and made him so reviled in Western New York that it eventually cost
Donovan the Race for New York State Governor in 1939, where he lost
in Western New York by a wide margin.
did he do to make people hate him so much? He touched the untouchables
and conducted raids on two exclusive speakeasies and in a separate case
charged the Mayor of Buffalo with trafficking liquor (bootlegging).
KKK IN BUFFALO, NY
Following is a very rare 1924 list of an alleged list of the full Ku
Klux Klan Membership roster for
Buffalo, NY and surrounding towns. This list was posted in Buffalo's
City Hall by Mayor F.X. Schwab and generated quite a stir. See it
for yourself: ...more>>
Mayor Schwab in his New Year's message to the City Council introduced
the program he advocated as follows:
Having in mind the aim to make the year 1924 a period of accomplishment
for the Council and a year of service to the taxpayers of Buffalo, I
take the liberty of calling ...more>>
-WHEN THE CITY SHOOK Startled Buffalonians, when they felt
their beds shaking and saw pictures dancing on their walls last September
4 , wondered if the city was being rocket-bombed. One thousand
telephone calls flooded police and fire headquarters, but the switchboard
operators there were as bewildered as anyone. Even the FBI was
. . .more>>
"...The establishments raided last night and the amount of intoxicating
liquors alleged to have been seized were as follows: Place run by Michael
M. Schwarziner at No. 644 Jefferson street. Seven bottles of whisky,
six bottles of wine and four jugs of whisky were said to have been found."
the Scenes of Buffalo's 165th Birthday
Buffalo was born in a tavern. The very idea for establishing Buffalo
as village was conceived in a tavern over strong drink. Did you know
that our school system was established during a meeting in a tavern?
1960s Antiwar Movement in Buffalo
"... Nov. 10, 1969. Saturday
night heard Abbie Hoffman in the Fillmore Room. Marvelous. Overflow
audience ‑ 2,000... March 5, 1970. For nine days the conflict
has been escalating toward chaos. On Feb. 24 Blacks and white radicals
stopped a basketball game, literally ran on to the court ..." more>>
Riots in Buffalo, N.Y.
Prelininary Report on the Disturbances in Buffalo June 26 -July
1. 1967. In 1967, riots that rocked the East side of Buffalo from June
26th through July 1st of that year, virtually shutting down the city.
In one night (June 28th) of Violence over 40 people were hurt, 14 with
gunshot wounds. ...more>>
GREAT SNOW STORM OF 2001 -Buffalo, N.Y.
In 24 hours, 35.4 inches of snow fell from 6 a.m. Thursday December
27th, 2001 to 6 a.m. Friday December 28th, 2001. That amount ranks as
a 2nd place finish for the greatest snows dropped in any one day on
Buffalo. 82.3 inches of snow fell in a period of one week (from Monday
December 24th, 2001 to Friday December 28th, 2001)... more>>